Ethics as Mission and Motivation for the Token Engineering Commons

Our community is a technology-abled social organization committed to the application of web3 technologies to achieve human-centric outcomes. Much like traditional engineering societies we engage in research, education, and standard setting in addition to designing, building and maintaining technological solutions.

Token Engineering is an emerging discipline in the overlap between the social institution of engineering and web3 token ecosystems.

As with any emerging technology there is still a lot of uncertainty around the practice of engineering web3 enabled systems but it is already clear that these systems are deeply entangled with social and economic systems, and thus have the potential for a deep and long standing impact on social institutions. With this in mind, our community coalesced around a…

And other musings on algorithmic policy-making

I met the Aragon founders at ETH Buenos Aires May 2018, hung out with the Chris Burniske, Lane Rettig, Rhys Lindmark among many others. I had spent late 2017 and early 2018, wrapping up a paper on the mathematical framework I use for designing mechanisms in dynamical systems, and working with Markus Buhatem Koch and Fernando Martinelli, applying that framework to complete the proofs underpinning the Balancer Protocol. Notably, the Balancer protocol calls for subjective parameter choices in the form of tokens supported, and weights of pools. …

Motivation, Recent Progress, and Next Steps

What Motivates us?

BlockScience decided to release cadCAD as open source software because we believe that simulation and modeling are an integral part of design and analysis of complex systems. Data science as field brings advanced computational methods to the analysis of systems, but due to its dependence on extant data has a naturally backward-facing perspective. In systems engineering, data driven methods are combined with simulation and modeling to engineer complex systems capable of adapting to uncertainty and even adversarial conditions.

The users of cadCAD work with social and economic systems, and the concepts being modeled are various forms of…

Co-Creative Communities, Complex Systems & Game Theory

In this recent article Dandelion Mané introduced SourceCred an Open Source Software project taking aim at the age old challenge of credit attribution in Co-Creative Communities. I say age old because human collaboration to achieve collective goals with incentives driven predominately by social credit is a fundamental building block of human society.

The study of coordination appears in appears in anthropology and psychology, but advances in statistical methods in the mid 20th century gave birth to the first formal studies leveraging mathematics and data to structure and interpret data collected according to social…

Dr. Michael Zargham

I aim to address global social and environmental challenges through the most powerful leverage point ever to exist: information structures and flows.

Complex Systems: from structure and flow to emergent phenomena

Throughout history the networks of information flows among humans have shifted their topologies and time scales. These network dynamics have been both consequence and source of technological and social innovations.

In our global era information spreads faster than ever and the mixing rates are less coupled with geography than they have been at any point in history. However, faster and more connected is not “better” automatically.

Network dynamics, the invisible ley lines of society, are complex and unintuitive…

Let’s explore subjectivity in algorithm design using one the most iconic algorithms of the internet age: PageRank.

Fixed Point Equation Version of PageRank with Stochastic Matrix W(G) with non-zero element i,j only if (i,j) is an edge in G, stochastic seed vector s, and coefficient alpha between 0 and 1.

First, a brief primer on the formulation of the PageRank algorithm. The algorithm starts with a model of the world as a directed network; fitting as it was invented by Sergei Brin and Larry page for ranking pages on the world wide wide web. The PageRank of a network is only well defined after one imposes a model of a mixing process on the directed network. The canonical PageRank algorithm uses a simple heuristic, each link has the the same probability of being…

Some Definitions and References for terms I used frequently


Preamble: Today like most days, I was throwing around phrases like bio-mimetic system and multi-mechanism differential game.These words have meanings beyond their buzzword value and I realize those meanings are often lost to listeners. Below is a quick attempt define them publicly, and to provide basic references.

Non-Linear System

a system in which the change of the output is not proportional to the change of the input. Nonlinear problems are of interest to engineers, biologists, physicists, mathematicians, and many other scientists because most systems are inherently nonlinear in nature. …

Non-Equilibrium Dynamics


My name is Zargham and I do math things. Today, I would like to offer this community a simple toy example of non-equilibrium dynamics. The reference case is a stylized version of the “Verifiers Dilemma.”

Verifiers spend resources to check transactions and get rewards when they find errors.

Cheaters can profit from cheating but incur losses when caught.

On Finding my place as a socio-technical systems scientist and engineer

A long time ago, in galaxy far away, I lived in a cold place and toiled away teaching undergraduate system dynamics, circuits lab, classical control, studied sustainability & green-tech policy, and worked on robots. (Among others an arctic robot call Yeti which made it’s may from New Hampshire to Greenland and eventually Antarctica; like I said it was cold). I designed the Yeti’s guidance system.

From Nash to Lyapunov

Knowing where you want to go is not the same as getting there, and other mathematical topics presented in plain English.

The Nash Equilibrium is a favorite concept of poker players, economists and computer scientists. At the moment the crypto community is indulging in the study of algorithmic game theory with zeal. The most common motivation is the design and analysis of “crypto-economic” protocols. …

Michael Zargham

Founder, Researcher, Decision Engineer, Data Scientist; PhD in systems engineering, control of networks.

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